Gum recession is when the margin of the gum tissue surrounding the teeth starts to wear away or pull back. It then exposes more of the tooth or sometimes the root. Once gum recession occurs, pockets or gap form between the teeth and the gum line allowing bacteria to build up. Gum recession should not be left untreated. It can lead to severe damage of the supporting tissue and bone structure of the teeth, as well as in tooth loss.
Gum recession happens for a variety of reasons.
If the gum recession is mild, your dentist can treat it by deep cleaning the area, removing built-up plaque and tartar. Sometimes antibiotics will be prescribed to get rid of any infection.
Sometimes gum recession cannot be treated with a deep cleaning and must be treated with surgery. During surgery, the area will be deep cleaned, then covered with gum tissue, usually taken from the roof of your mouth.
It’s best to try to prevent gum recession, if at all possible. Take good care of your mouth by brushing lightly, flossing and using mouthwash properly. See your dentist at least twice a year or more if you are more susceptible to gum recession. Correct any teeth clenching, grinding, or misaligned teeth problems. Quit smoking if you smoke. Eat a healthy diet. And keep track of any changes that may occur in your mouth, then report them to your dentist.