What You Need to Know About Gum Recession

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July 8, 2019
August 22, 2019
What You Need to Know About Gum Recession

What is Gum Recession?

Gum recession is when the margin of the gum tissue surrounding the teeth starts to wear away or pull back. It then exposes more of the tooth or sometimes the root. Once gum recession occurs, pockets or gap form between the teeth and the gum line allowing bacteria to build up. Gum recession should not be left untreated. It can lead to severe damage of the supporting tissue and bone structure of the teeth, as well as in tooth loss.

Gum recession happens for a variety of reasons.

  • Periodontal disease: Periodontal disease is a bacterial gum infection that destroys gum tissue. This is the main cause for gum recession.
  • Genes: Unfortunately, sometimes gum recession is just in your genes. Some people are just more susceptible to gum disease, making it more likely to have gum recession.
  • Poor teeth brushing: Brushing your teeth too abrasively can wear away your gums. Make sure you use a soft toothbrush and brush your teeth lightly.
  • Plaque build-up: If your not caring for your teeth properly, it could lead to plaque build-up. Be sure to floss, brush, and use mouthwash properly to prevent plaque build-up.
  • Tobacco use: If you use tobacco products, you’re more likely to have more plaque that can be difficult to remove.
  • Teeth grinding or clenching: Grinding and clenching your teeth puts a lot of force on your teeth, causing gums to recede.

Treatment for Gum Recession

If the gum recession is mild, your dentist can treat it by deep cleaning the area, removing built-up plaque and tartar. Sometimes antibiotics will be prescribed to get rid of any infection.


Sometimes gum recession cannot be treated with a deep cleaning and must be treated with surgery. During surgery, the area will be deep cleaned, then covered with gum tissue, usually taken from the roof of your mouth.

Prevention of Gum Recession

It’s best to try to prevent gum recession, if at all possible. Take good care of your mouth by brushing lightly, flossing and using mouthwash properly. See your dentist at least twice a year or more if you are more susceptible to gum recession. Correct any teeth clenching, grinding, or misaligned teeth problems. Quit smoking if you smoke. Eat a healthy diet. And keep track of any changes that may occur in your mouth, then report them to your dentist.